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How to Gain an Accounting Technology Education and Career

Understanding business and finance gives individuals a skill set that can be applied to several careers. Students can learn how to gain an accounting technology education and career through higher educational programs by researching the available career training options. Accounting technology schools and colleges give students the knowledge needed to enter the industry.

This degree path is concentrated and trains students to enter several entry-level positions inside the field of accounting. In order to successfully gain an accounting technology education, students should follow two basic steps.

Step One: Know the Schooling Options

Before enrolling in a college students need to know what options are available. Students will find that although both the business and financial side of accounting are covered accounting technology only offers undergraduate training. A certificate or associate’s degree program is available to students. Students that can’t dedicate a lot of time to education may find that completing a certificate or associate’s degree program is a good option for them. Coursework gives students a solid knowledge base to further their education at a later time if desirable. When researching possible programs students should ensure that the college of their choice is accredited. Without accreditation a degree will most likely not be accepted in the professional industry.

Step Two: Complete a Learning Program

The best way to prepare for a career and gain an education is to complete a program. The most prevalent option is at the associate’s degree level. Students learn to apply the standard accounting and financial processes to real world problems. This is done by working through courses that give students the knowledge they need to successfully work on business finances. Education teaches students to use the latest business technology, which prepares them to understand basic accounting procedures that are used inside the profession. Common courses include:

  • Taxation Procedure
  • Cost Accounting
  • Accounting Analysis

The technology aspect of this degree field prepares students to develop business accounting knowledge. Education is highly focused on preparing students to apply their skills in accounting to business related careers.

Once students properly prepare for careers by researching options and completing a learning program they can move to the next phase of schooling. This phase allows students to take their skills and obtain their desired careers. Some career possibilities include:

*Bookkeeper

Work consists of recording transactions and monitoring costs. Professionals use their accounting skills to create financial statements based on a businesses monetary cash flow. Other areas of work may include processing payroll and purchasing materials for the business they work.

*Accounting Clerk

Student’s that enter careers as accounting clerks will do some of the same job duties as bookkeepers. However, more advanced tasks are completed such as posting financial details and monitoring the company’s monetary purchases, loans, and accounts. Work completed ensures that the financial components of a business are up-to-date.

Obtaining an accredited degree in accounting technology is a great choice for students that want to enter the industry quickly. The Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (http://www.acics.org/) offers accreditation to schools that allow students to obtain a quality education. Several careers and further training is available to students that complete a program.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by PETAP.org.

Healthy Living 101 – Free Step by Step Guide to Your Healthy Lifestyle – Education and Training

Hello, My name is Daniel, and I am a Qualified Health and Fitness professional. I love my job, If you can call it a job. I spend my paid working hours training and educating hundreds of clients towards a healthier lifestyle through adequate exercise and nutrition. Now those two topics “Exercise” and “Nutrition” I have broken down into smaller sections for you to understand and the majority of the specific information will be in separate articles. It will become evident as I explain in basic terms the reasons and benefits of each section. Starting with basic introductions to:

-ENERGY CONSUMPTION: How many calories are you using each day on average
-METABOLIC RATE: how your lifestyle affects your metabolic rate
-NUTRITION: what, how much and when to eat!
-THE HEART: how it is influenced and affected by the specific diet and lifestyle you live.

1. ENERGY: Your body burns a significant amount of energy on a daily basis. An average measurement of this is:
for Males: between 1500 – 2000 calories per day.
For Females: between 1200-1500 calories per day.
The energy consumption and usage should be dependent on the individuals daily activities, which I will explain later. This measurement: 1 calorie is equal to 4.2 kilojoules; can be calculated in this form for every different food source. This energy comes in different forms from sugars, fats, carbohydrates and proteins.

YOUR METABOLISM is measured in a “timeline graph” wave which rises and falls depending on many factors including the specific energy (Food) intake and adequate usage. Dependent on the amount of energy you are using (activities/exercise/movement) as well as the amount of energy you are consuming (eating/drinking) your metabolism needs to maintain a regular even flow. The body stores unused energy as fats. If you do not utilise (Burn) the energy (Food) you are consuming (Eating/Drinking) your body keeps it as stored energy (Fat).

NUTRITION Now to eat a correct (healthy) nutrition means to be regularly feeding the body the energy it requires (and no more) to sustain it through whatever activities lie ahead. The body does not need copious amounts of foods at one time to sustain it for 2-3 hours and it is highly recommended that you eat every 2-3 hours during the day to maintain a healthy appetite (your metabolism). At night time you should be sleeping, it is also recommended that a regular pattern of 8hrs is sufficient to sustain a healthy lifestyle.

The specific NUTRITION we eat is going to depict the amount of energy we have and the time in which we have to use it. Certain foods give us longer lasting energy which can be measured by the Glycemic Index (GI) within the food. This type of accurate measurement can help those who are diabetic or conscious of their weight and watching their waistline. Low Glycemic Index (GI) foods in medium sized portions eg. pasta earlier in the day are recommended for slow release energy and stamina, whilst High GI foods eg. Fudge in very small portions are recommended for faster shorter bursts of energy, however not recommended for diabetics or those with hypertention (High Blood Pressure).

REGULAR EATING is encouraged to obtain and maintain a healthy lifestyle, we all need to remember that it is a LIFESTYLE and it is all inclusive. Eating at regular intervals (every 2-3hrs) will keep your metabolism ticking over and maintain a safe blood sugar level. Drinking alcohol and other high GI energy sources (not necessarily food) will decrease your health. So stay HYDRATED if your going to party on, just drink some water during and after you’ve retired for the night take a vitamin C Tablet to build your immune system back up. These type of social activities cause stress and strain on the body. For you youngsters who believe you are invincable take note… we all were young once. Your not the first to do an all-nighter!. Listen to your body. By all means have fun and do what you do, just recognise how much that will effect you tomorrow and even 10 and 20 years later.

THE HEART rate has a huge effect on the speed of your metabolism and is a very accurate gauge if you are concerned about your blood pressure (hypertention, diabetes). Certain food sources will raise or lower your heart rate and effect your overall blood pressure. The blood pressure is gauged by the amount of stress on the Arterial (arteries) and venous (Veins) walls, (more on this topic later). When you have your blood pressure taken by a health professional, 3 main numbers will be evident (BP) Blood Pressure with 2 numbers; and a safe reading around 120/80 being Diastolic and Systolic readings and a Resting Heart Rate (RHR) of around 80 beats per minute (BPM). Exercise, coffee, sugar, other stimulants, shock and stress will raise these numbers up. It is recommended to “know Your Numbers” this is referring to your blood pressure and regular resting heart rate.

DAILY HEALTHFUL TIPS: a,b,c,d
I’d like to share some simply points which you should include in your daily routine to help increase your internal health and therefore your overall health.

a) The best way to start the day is by drinking a glass of water first thing after you wake up, before you have breakfast. This will help flush the body of garbage (toxins etc) that have been caught up over night and also prepare the body for more food which will be absorbed much more efficiently due to the “daily morning flush”

b) High Intensity Exercise early in the morning will enhance the metabolism, increase your energy throughout the day as well as fitness levels to therefore burn more bodyfat.. Those of us who work in offices all day, this will give you the energy to last much longer without drinking coffee or harsh energy drinks full of unnatural stimulants that will mess with your bodys chemical balance.

c) Those of us who are on our feet everyday all day, energy intake is as important for you because of the amount of physical activity you are doing. Don’t let yourself starve, this will only slow your metabolism, causing your body to store any excess energy as fat.

d) EAT WHEN YOUR HUNGRY, leave room for what we would call second helping, however don’t eat a second helping. By doing this you will allow the body to move the food through the system more efficiently and effectively keeping the metabolism at the same rate.

Forethought and Training Makes Managers

Senior management in every industry is well-known for setting-up our best skilled workers for failure. It is as if we are specifically trying to sabotage our own companies by reducing the workforce skill level and using poor management to try to fix it. A fancy new title and a raise does not a manger make. A top-notch management selection process and training program is the only road to ensure future success.

Leaders Make Great Managers:

The best worker does not make the best manager, the natural-born leader does. Though scholars continue to argue the finer details, it is widely accepted that “leaders are born and managers are made.” Leaders are followed. The directives of Managers are carried out. The Leader is the person spreading news from the grapevine, teaching trade tricks, and from whom co-workers seek advice. At breaks, the Leader can be found telling “there I was” stories with an attentive audience and organizing the weekend fishing trip or bar bash. The Manager is the person given that title by executives to be in charge of people, projects, and money.

In theory, anyone can be taught to manage well. Managers can be taught efficiency, organization, project flow, and even to earn the respect of those they manage. Managers, as the theory goes, cannot be taught how to lead. Though it is possible that the best worker is also a natural leader, this is rarely the case. Instead of looking to the firm’s best workers to serve in open management roles, consider promoting and training the natural leader. Management selection processes should begin pre-hire with an eye on identifying potential leaders. These employees should then be observed in their current role for signs of leadership and future advancement.

Tiered Management Structures:

Think large when developing the structure of management. All large companies were once small. So, instead of waiting until the company is large and then having to revamp the entire reporting chain; develop the structure at the outset. It is better to have a structure with unfilled positions, or those not currently needed in the smaller organization, then it is to remodel the entire structure at a later date to adapt it to the growing firm.

In some industries, the lowest level of management is the Shift Manager, Department Director, or Section Chief. In construction, we refer to this position as Foreman, Job Supervisor, or Superintendent. Each firm must chose these titles carefully and the reporting hierarchy with which they are associated. For the purposes of this article, let’s assume that the person who manages workers directly is called the Department Manager (DM). The Department Manager keeps the work flowing, assigns tasks, coordinates with other departments, ensures items are in-stock, and briefs the client, all while still working alongside their subordinates to facilitate the day’s activities. Department Managers report to the person who manages a number of departments, a position that is primarily office and paperwork intensive, usually called the General Manager (GM). GMs, in turn, report to a member of the Executive Staff, usually the Chief Operating Officer (COO).

It is not uncommon to further break up the management levels of DM and GM into subcategories. For example, the DM category could be sub-divided into: Junior Department Manager, Department Manager, and Senior Department Manager. A Junior DM may be the term used to describe a new entry into the management ranks who works under the direction of a DM or Senior DM. A DM would be an experienced manger with a bigger workforce and larger job assignments. Finally, a Senior DM would have the most experience at assisting with employee training, x-large projects, and those jobs requiring specialized skills or in dealing with detail-oriented clients. The Senior DM would likely run the largest or most complex department. The GM ranks could be similarly divided.

It is also wise to have pre-management positions that introduce potential entrants to the ranks without the accompanying official responsibilities. Thus, an Assistant Department Manager would serve as a normal crew member most of the time; but would be available to take over a portion of the project as needed by the DM. Additionally, they will fill-in as acting DM when the DM is on vacation or off work for personal reasons.

Management Training is Essential:

The most successful restaurant-chain in world history, McDonald’s, is the brunt of many jokes. They are, however, so successful because they are experts. Not only are they experts at “flipping burgers,” their world-renowned Hamburger University is a benchmark for educating management trainees on operation procedures, customer service, cleanliness, and business development. Similarly, Disney, United Parcel Service (UPS), Dell, and many others have been recognized as best-in-class for management and/or customer service training.

Unfortunately, many other industries have the opposite distinction. They are recognized as the industry that provides no management training or has the worst customer service. Digging deeper will usually find that these industries promote their best hopefuls with a new title and a pay bump, only to throw them to wolves by telling them to go run the workplace. Throwing a fellow in the Mississippi River to teach them to swim may have been accepted in Tom Sawyer’s day, but is a procedure doomed to fail with management trainees. At the very least, each level of management should be given initial training followed by annual re-occurring training that delves deeper and broader as employees move up through the ranks.

The best place to start is with the job description. What skills/tools will make the new manager improve company profitability and enhance reputation? Focus on key business areas:

  • Customer Service
  • Communicating Professionally
  • Reoccurring Duties
  • Completing Paperwork
  • Management & Team Building
  • Organization & Time Management
  • Technical Skill Enhancement
  • Role in Company’s Profitability
  • Official Employee Interaction
  • Merit Shop Responsibilities

Next, find outside vendors of one to two-day seminar-style courses and add self-study activities (books, books-on-tape, videos, webinars, etc.) that specialize in training new or advancing managers. Those activities that are specific to your company (completing a Job Report, corporate marketing soft-skills, or parts scheduling, for example) should be taught in-house by the DM team or executive staff.

Skills can be taught in week or multi-week long training intensive courses where a trainee focuses only on management training until completed. Or, conversely, management trainees can complete classroom training intermixed with field-work over an extended period of time (say, six months for management training).

Whatever your company’s approach, it must incorporate four overarching themes to profit and succeed in the new economy:

  1. Develop a management structure for where you want your firm to be, not where it is.
  2. Hire even entry-level technicians (apprentices) with potential management in mind.
  3. Constantly analyze the workforce to identify leaders for future management positions.
  4. Train, train, and re-train.